TOGAF Alignment


The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF) is a freely available framework and method for defining and managing enterprise architecture, maintained by the Open Group, and is widely considered the de-facto standard having been adopted by many enterprises across different industries.

However, whilst it aims to be comprehensive the various design entities and related artefacts may seem somewhat daunting to begin with. The System Design approach presented here is generally aligned with TOGAF, but aims to be as straightforward and concise as possible whilst precisely describing a system architecture.

Content Meta Model

The TOGAF content meta model defines a set of architectural design entities in the same way as the System Design Meta Model (SDMM) described in the System Architecture Composition section. The following table provides a mapping between these.

TOGAF Entity System Design Entity Notes
Organisation Unit Business Unit
Actor Actor In the SDMM an Actor reflects a type of party and the role they perform, and may be specific to a business unit
Function Business Function
Process Business Process
Business Service - In the SDMM a business service is an instance of a relationship between an individual business unit and a group of functions it performs
Data Entity Data Information is defined in the Business Architecture (not represented in TOGAF), which in the SDMM is realised by Data elements in the Application Architecture
Application Component Application
Technology Component Application Package / Application Service In the SDMM an application package (that is a logical grouping of application services) and application services map to logical and physical technology components respectively in the TOGAF model
Platform Service Technology Platform / Infrastructure


TOGAF also defines a set of core architecture artefacts that are intended to accompany the core meta model. These are mapped to the artefacts described in the System Architecture Composition section.

TOGAF Artefact System Design Artefact Notes
Business Architecture
Organisation / Actor Catalog User Group Catalog
Role Catalog Actors define role
Business Service / Function Catalog Business Service Catalog
Business Interaction Matrix None
Actor / Role Matrix None Actor defines role, TOGAF role may reflect activities defined by a process
Business Footprint Diagram Business Architecture View (Functional) The SD artefact depicts relationships between processes, functions and actors, but does not include linkage to technical components
Business Service / Information Diagram The SD artefact depicts high level relationship between functions and information
Functional Decomposition Diagram The SD artefact shows how functions supports business processes
Requirements Catalog The SD artefact describes functionality and associated requirements
Requirements Catalog Note that this TOGAF artefact is actually part of Requirements Management phase
Product Lifecycle Diagram None Not clear on why this is mandatory as it does not seem to relate to any of the core TOGAF content elements
Data Architecture
Data Entity / Data Component Catalog Data Dictionary The SD artefact maps the conceptual entities to related logical (package specific) entities (there may also be a related entity relationship diagram for the logical model). The physical model is considered part of technical design
Data Entity / Business Function Matrix Application Catalog A matrix could be derived from the SD artefact, which details how functions and related information are supported by applications and application packages
System / Data Matrix
Class Diagram Business Architecture View (Information) The SD artefact is an entity relationship diagram for the conceptual information entities
Data Dissemination Diagram Application Architecture View
Application Architecture
Application Portfolio Catalog Application Catalog
System / Function Matrix A matrix can be derived from the SD artefact
Interface Catalog Application Interface Catalog
Application Interaction Matrix A matrix can be derived from the SD artefact
System / Organisation Matrix Application Architecture View A matrix can be derived from the SD artefact, which shows the relationship with actors
Role / System Matrix An Actor is considered to include role
Application Communication Diagram
Application and User Location Diagram The SD artefact can include Actors
System Use-Case Diagram The SD artefact includes functionality, however system use case definition may also be considered part of detailed functional design
Technology (Platform) Architecture
Technology Standards Catalog None This is considered part of the Enterprise Architecture rather than a system design element
Technology Portfolio Catalog Platform Catalog
System / Technology Matrix A matrix can be derived from the SD artefact
None Platform Interface Catalog May be considered to be covered in the TOGAF Interface Catalog
Environments and Locations Diagram Platform Architecture View (Deployment)
Platform Decomposition Diagram Platform Architecture View (Application Services)